Charles Eames (1907-1978), was born in Saint-Louis, USA. He studied architecture at Washington University. In 1936, he was awarded full studendship at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts, where he joined Harry Bertoia and Eero Saarinen. In Cranbrook, in 1940, he was introduced to Ray Kaiser (1912-1989), a Californian Plastic Artist, who would become his wife afterwards. While C. Eames drove the Industrial Design department, R. Eames attended the weaving program, and by that time was already a well known artist. Between 1939 and 1940, C. Eames worked at Eliel Saarinen’s Studio, with whom he managed to win, in 1940, the prestigious MoMA contest “Organic Design in Home Furnishings”. During the World War II, C. Eames was hired by US Navy for the development of splints and stretchers. This experience, entitled Eames the development of an extensive research in molding against plated. In 1946, he was already consecreated, being object of the first personal retrospective dedicated to a single design at MoMA. Two years later, in 1948, he won another international contest at MoMA, the “Competition for Low-Cost Furniture Design”, for his chairs in glass fibre, which could be molded and produced in series…Still with his wife, he created several furniture for Herman Miller in the 50s, based on a prototype displayed in the competition Organic Design in Home Furniture.
CHARLES & RAY EAMES