Jacobsen was born in Copenhagen, Denmark and stood out as an architect and decorator, as well as a furniture, textiles and ceramics Designer.Initially, Jacobsen was trained to become a bricklayer. He graduated in Architecture in 1927 at the Royal Academy of Arts of Copenhagen, where he also taught from 1956 onwards.
From 1927 to 1930 Jacobsen worked with the architect Poul Holsoe and thereafter opened his own Studio, where he worked until the end of his life. In 1951 he established the Ant Chair and in 1955, the Series 7,which has become one of the most commercially successful chairs in the world. Na área da arquitetura, os seu projetos mais conhecidos são o St Catherine’s College, Oxford, e o Hotel Royal SAS de Copenhaguen para onde desenhou a cadeira Egg, em 1957. In the realm of architecture, its best known projects are the St Catherine’s College, Oxford, and the Royal SAS Copenhagen, for where Jacobsen designed the celebrated Egg chair in 1957.